As a general purpose programming language, Python is frequently used to solve mathematical problems. It includes built-in types for managing integer and floating point numbers, which are suitable for the basic math that might appear in an average application. The standard library includes modules for more advanced needs.
Python’s built-in floating point numbers use the underlying
double representation. They are sufficiently precise for
most programs with mathematical requirements, but when more accurate
representations of non-integer values are needed the
fractions modules will be useful. Arithmetic with decimal
and fractional values retains precision, but is not as fast as the
random module includes a uniform distribution
pseudorandom number generator, as well as functions for simulating
many common non-uniform distributions.
math module contains fast implementations of advanced
mathematical functions such as logarithms and trigonometric
functions. The full complement of IEEE functions usually found in
the native platform C libraries is available through the module.